While being young has its benefits, some things should stay in the past. One of them is acne. Annoying greasy zits canceled thousands of dates and ruined many high school photos.
No matter how happy they would be to forget about pimples, some adults suffer from acne as much as teenagers do.
Why does it happen? What can you do about it? Let's look at 5 causes of acne and ways you can get rid of them for good.
5 Causes of Adult Acne
To figure out how to deal with acne, you need to discover the root of the problem.
1. Hormonal Issues
The key factor of acne is an increased rate of sebum (oil) excretion. As your sebaceous glands produce excessive oil, it clogs skin pores and causes inflammation.
The reason why sebaceous glands may overreact and produce too much oil is an excess of androgens (male hormones). Other hormones, such as HGH (Human Growth Hormone) and thyroxine also play a role in maintaining a proper sebum secretion.
What can you do? Your actions should depend on the severity of the outbreaks. If you have one or two pimples, it's possible to deal with them by applying topical treatments.
Severe outbreaks may require such prescription meds as antibiotics. In case these don't help, hormonal treatment may be necessary.
Stress seems to be the top trigger of any skin-related condition. When you stress out, the body produces high amounts of a hormone called CRH (Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone).
It binds receptors in the sebaceous glands, which increases oil production. As a result, pores get clogged and pimples appear.
To make things worse, when you feel stressed, your nerves are highly strung, which can cause an itch. As a result, you scratch the skin to let the bacteria in, clog pores, and cause inflammation.
What can you do? Learning how to deal with stress isn't just essential for your battle against zits. It can improve the quality of your life.
While you are relaxing, meditating, and breathing deeply, you shouldn't forget about proper skincare and efficient topical treatments like green tea masks.
3. Environmental Factors
The quality of the air surrounding you can have an effect on your skin. Dirt and grime settle on your face, clogging pores, and causing acne. This is a big problem for people living in large and densely populated cities
Excessive UV rays dry out your skin, causing sebaceous glands to overreact. In the 20th century, doctors experimented with UV radiation since it seemed to offer some relief for acne. However, the sun's adverse effects negated the benefits.
What can you do? To protect your skin from all the dirt and grime it collects outdoors, you should set up a smart skincare routine with proper hydration and cleansing. Make sure to use a sun protection lotion with an SPF higher than 30.
4. Improper Skincare Products
Skincare products may cause acne, especially if you don't determine your skin type correctly. Cleansers and moisturizers designed for dry skin can cause acne on oily skin and vice versa.
What can you do? Do some research to find out which skin care products your skin needs.
- Cleanser – people with dry skin should avoid foaming and exfoliating cleansers while oily skin owners need light and water-based products. Acne-prone skin may require special cleansing remedies that contain salicylic acid.
- Moisturizer – people with acne-prone skin need a lightweight moisturizer that doesn't clog pores. A good choice is a water-based gel or a product with hyaluronic acid and dimethicone.
You should also look for "oil-free" and "noncomedogenic" labels on skincare products.
5. Wrong Diet
Things we eat can affect our health. Do they affect acne? While more research needs to be done, studies found that a high-glycemic diet requires a higher insulin production to maintain proper glucose levels. This may lead to insulin resistance, which could potentially affect sebum production and lead to inflammation.
What can you do? Watch what you eat and try to settle on low-glycemic foods. Even if they don't affect the severity of your acne, choosing such products over their high-glycemic counterparts could boost your health and immune system.
6 Easy Ways to Solve Adult Acne
While you are discovering the internal causes of your adult acne, it's important to battle zits on the outside. Let's look at 6 simple ways to start doing it today.
1. Explore Topical Meds
It's important to speak to your doctor about these meds. What you should look for in such remedies are salicylic acid, lactic acid, benzoyl peroxide, glycolic acid, and retinoids.
Follow directions closely. Using too much or too little of these products can worsen the condition.
2. Tweak Your Moisturizing Routine
Dehydrated skin is the cause of many skin problems. It can also contribute to the worsening of acne. You need to evaluate your skin type and choose the right moisturizer. Consider taking advantage of hydrating masks. Don't forget to drink plenty of water.
3. Exfoliate Twice a Week
When dirt, grime, and dead skin cells stay on your skin, inflammation is unavoidable. To ensure intensive cleansing, use mild exfoliation products twice a week. Since scrubbing is out of the question, you may want to consider exfoliating serums or masks.
4. Use Specially-Formulated Sunscreen
Protect your acne-prone skin with sunscreen products specifically formulated for your skin type. Look for oil-free, fragrance-free, paraben-free, and noncomedogenic sunscreens with hyaluronic acid, retinoids, and lactic acid.
5. Pay Special Attention to Cleansing
Keeping your skin clean is on top of your to-do list. However, frequent cleansing can be harmful. Make sure to use gentle cleansers twice a day. It's vital to remove all makeup before going to bed. Otherwise, acne may be unavoidable.
6. Know When to Call for Help
If a healthy diet, smart skincare routine, and topical anti-acne meds don't work, it's important to explore the problem further. Make sure to contact your doctor to discover the hidden causes of acne and set up a proper treatment.
Start Your Battle with Acne Today
Adult acne is not normal. It's your body's call for help. Take the time to discover the cause and set up a proper skincare routine to keep your skin clean and healthy.